The mechanics of a torch seem so easy that’s it’s often overlooked. Here’s a step-by-step explanation of how your everyday battery powered torch works:
1 – This part of the torch is called a case. It is the tube that encompasses the parts of the torch.
2 – This part of the torch is the contact throughout the torch. It is a very thin spring or strip of metal that runs through the torch, electronically connecting the various parts of the torch. This parts conduct electricity and completing the circuit.
3 – This is the switch of the torch. The flow of electricity is activated when you switch the torch on, turning the light on. The flow of electricity is interrupted when the switch is turned off, turning off the light.
4 – This part of the torch is called a reflector. It’s the plastic part, coated with a shiny aluminum layer that sits around the lamp and transmits the light rays from the lamp to allow a steady light beam.
5 – This part of the torch is called the lamp. It is known as the light source in a torch. In most torches, the lamp is either an incandescent bulb or a solid-state bulb, also known as an LED.
6 – This part of the torch is known as the lens. It is the clear, plastic part you see on the front of the torch that protects the lamp, since the lamp is made of glass and may easily be broken.
7 – This part of the torch is where batteries are inserted. When activated correctly, the batteries are the power source for your torch.
Now you ask, how do all these parts work together?
When the switch of a torch is on, it allows contact between two contact strips, which begin a flow of electricity. This power is from the battery. The contact strip runs down the length of the battery case and connects with one side of the switch. There is another flat contact strip on the other side of the switch, which runs to the lamp, providing an electrical connection. Another part is connected to the lamp that connects with the positive electrode of the top battery, completing the circuit of the lamp.
When activated by electricity, the LED in the lamp begins to glow, producing light. This light reflects off of the reflector that is positioned around the lamp. The reflector transmits the light rays from the lamp, creating a steady beam of light, which is the light you see emitting from the torch. A clear lens covers the lamp on your torch so that the glass on the lamp does not get broken.
When the torch switch is then pushed off, the two contact strips are physically moved apart and the path for the electrical current is interrupted, thus ending the production of light, and turning your torch off.
All parts in the torch must be connected as stated in this article for it to work correctly.
How to care for your torch
How to Care for Your Torch
There are do’s and don’ts with everything we do. From the smallest tasks to the bigger, more tedious tasks. When buying tools, it’s much easier to be made aware about the do’s and don’ts of handling your products, because a cute little instruction manual is always in the back of the box whenever you need it. But they’re rarely used. For battery powered tools such as torches, owners often forget that maintenance and handling your tools are important. Here are some do’s and don’ts of handling your toolbox torches.
store your torch in a dry, cool place that’s convenient and easy to find in an emergency or power outage.
replace the batteries in your torch or lantern every few months if it isn’t used for extended periods of time. This insures that it has fresh, working batteries and prevents battery leakage.
keep multiple torches and store them in easy to find locations in your house and car (in a in your kitchen, bathroom, bedroom, car compartment) in case of emergencies.
keep a new pack of batteries next to your torches, or anywhere in the house. Families often find that batteries haven’t been replaced frequently or that children have removed the batteries to use in other household devices. Keeping an unopened pack of batteries where you store your torch gives you surety of never having to panic when there is a power outage.
store your torch in high temperature locations. This could accelerate defects in your torch, including possible battery leakage.
leave your torch under the seat in your car, or in direct sunlight. These counts for high temperature storage places.
If your torch isn’t water proof, don’t overexpose it to water or store it in humid areas.
Torches are much more important than you think, get yours today, and you’ll never be stuck in the dark ever again!
Chargers: Going Completely Mobile?
Chargers: Going Completely Mobile?
Mobile devices are not much use when they run out of juice. This is not a problem, each of your mobile devices do come with a charger. It is typically a standard outlet charger that only fits that one piece of equipment. So you have got a charger for your phone, your laptop, your music player and your portable DVD player. They all have to be plugged in for several hours to charge up, and a half-dozen chargers can get overwhelming.
Luckily, there are a lot more options these days when it comes to juicing up. One good space-saving choice is the worldwide/universal charger. This is a charger with numerous adapters, so it can charge all of your different mobile devices. Some of them can even charge several devices concurrently, so you only need one outlet to do the job.
Another option is the USB charger. With this type, you do not even need an outlet, the charger draws power from your computer’s USB port. So if you are sitting at a coffee shop on the Wi-Fi with a fully juiced laptop and a dead cell phone, you can simply use one to power the other. But what about when your laptop is out of battery power, too? And what if there is no wall outlet at all? Then what? Here is what:
The electronics industry is making big steps toward unravelling this issue, which is really the last remaining impediment to complete mobility within the established world. Several different groups, including Sony and MTI Micro, are in the final stages of emerging a fuel-cell charger, which generates its own power through a chemical reaction. There are solar-powered and wind-powered chargers already on the market, which are less than ideal because they require a specific environmental condition, but they are still useful for outdoors applications.
One last type of charger could kill two birds with one stone. The kinetic-energy charger, which uses motion to produce electricity to power your mobile device, is now available, but there are upgraded versions on the way. These newer kinetic chargers will essentially create enough power to be useful as something more than an innovation. And, as a big side advantage, if they really catch on, they could solve the low-power problem and the obesity problem in one shot.
Batteries have played a significant role in our everyday lives and yet without these batteries being charged we are left unable to work, communicate with others and or even entertain ourselves. So take into consideration the importance of batteries; but, our batteries need chargers so if you are in need of chargers whether it be multi-way chargers or standard consumer type chargers then please do not hesitate to contact Just Batteries for more information.
How Batteries Work
How Batteries Work
Picture a world where everything that used electricity had to be plugged in. Hearing aids, flashlights, cell phones and other portable devices would be bound to electrical outlets, leaving them awkward to use. Cars could not be started with the simple turn of a key; a persistent cranking would be essential to get the pistons moving. Wires would be strung everywhere, creating a safety hazard and an unappealing mess. Luckily, batteries provide us with a mobile source of power that makes many modern amenities possible.
While there are many diverse types of batteries, the basic concept by which they function remains the same. When a device is linked to a battery, a reaction transpires that creates electrical energy. This is known as an electrochemical reaction. Italian physicist Count Alessandro Volta first learnt this process in 1799 when he made a simple battery from metal plates and brine-soaked cardboard or paper. Since then, scientists have significantly improved upon Volta’s original design to produce batteries made from a variety of materials that come in a mass of different sizes.
Today, batteries are all over the place. Batteries power our watches for months at a time. They keep our telephones and alarm clocks working, even if the electricity goes out. They run our smoke detectors, power drills, electric razors, thermostats, mp3 players, etc. and the list goes on. If you are reading this article on your smartphone or laptop, you may even be using batteries right now. On the other hand, because these portable power packs are so customary, it is very easy to take them for granted.
A lot happens inside a battery when you pop it into your remote control, flashlight or other wire-free device. While the processes by which they create electricity differ to some extent from battery to battery, the basic idea rests the same. When a load completes the circuit between two terminals, the battery creates electricity through a series of electromagnetic reactions between the cathode, anode and electrolyte.
Batteries have been around for quite some time now and have made our lives incredibly easier, think about this, the most used electronic on earth is our cell phones and they all run on batteries, so? So, this means that without batteries we would not have our cell phones wherever we go. If you need any sort of battery then please do not hesitate to contact Just Batteries for more information.
History behind the battery
Timeline of The History Behind the Battery
Below we have some interesting points on the history of the battery.
In 1748 Benjamin Franklin was the first person to coin the “battery” term. He used it to describe charged glass plates.
In 1780 – 1786 Luigi Galvani had demonstrated the electrical basis of nerve impulses where he also provided the cornerstone of research for other inventors to then create batteries.
In 1800, the Voltaic Pile was invented by Alessandro Volta, he also discovered the very first practical method of generating electricity.
In 1836, the Voltaic Pile was not able to deliver electrical current for a very long time. The Daniell Cell was then invented by the Englishman, John F.Daniell, it used two electrolytes namely the zinc sulfate and the copper sulfate.
In 1839, the very first fuel cell was developed by William Robert Grove, by combining hydrogen and oxygen it produced electricity.
In 1839 – 1842 Improvements were created to batteries, they used liquid electrodes that produced electricity.
In 1859, the first practical storage lead-acid battery was developed by the French inventor Gaston Plante, this battery could be recharged.
In 1866, the carbon-zinc wet cell battery (Leclanche cell) was patented by the French engineer Georges Leclanche.
In 1881, the first battery with both the negative electrode and porous pot placed in a zinc cup was patented by J.A. Thiebaut.
In 1881, the first commercially successful dry cell battery was invented by Carl Gassner.
In 1899, the first nickel-cadmium rechargeable battery was invented by Waldmar Jungner.
In 1901, the alkaline storage battery was invented by Thomas Alva Edison. It had nickelic as the cathode material and iron as the anode material.
In 1949, the small alkaline battery was developed by Lew Urry.
In 1954, the first solar battery was invented by Calvin Fuller, Gerald Pearson and Daryl Chapin. A solar battery converts the sun’s energy and converts it to electricity.
In 1964 Duracell was incorporated.
At Just Batteries we are devoted to the complete satisfaction of our customers through development of our services and products in response to their wants and needs.
How an electric car battery works
How an Electric Car Battery Works
A car can be a wonderful thing. It takes you wherever you want to go, whenever you want to go there, even if those places aren’t served by public transportation. In fact, a lot of our modern lives would be negatively impacted if we didn’t have cars. Our cars get us to our jobs, grocery stores, schools or just to the mall. But as wonderful as they are to us, they also have some serious downfalls. Two of these downfalls are that they cost so much to maintain and they also pollute our atmosphere with noxious gases.
Air pollution has become a huge problem in many of our urban areas, and with the prices of gasoline at an all time high, the internal combustion engine might soon become a luxury that our society simply cannot afford.
Not many people would advocate giving up their cars all together, but is there not a way that we can have the power and convenience of an automobile without having the pollution and expense caused by burning gasoline? Fortunately for us, there is. Many of us are under the impression that the cars of the future will be powered not by gasoline but by electricity. In fact, these electric cars that are also known as EVs or just electric vehicles, are not so futuristic at all. . . Believe it or not, the electric vehicle has been around since the first half of the 19th century, however, even today in the 21st century, the internal combustion engines are still ruling. So why haven’t electric vehicles caught on?
The heart of an electric vehicle is its battery. Unlike batteries in motor cars, which mainly serve to start the engine and run things like the radio or air conditioner, the battery in an electric car runs everything. The most important aspect is that the battery runs a controller which then runs the electric motor, therefore it needs to be powerful and long-lasting enough to take the driver where they want to go with a minimum of recharging.
Thus, far no reliable, mass-producible batteries have been manufactured that could make an electric car competitive with a gas-powered car. However, this is beginning to change. Electric cars have now become realistic and are expected to start being produced by huge automobile manufacturers.
To learn more about batteries and what we at Just Batteries can offer you, contact us or visit our website on www.justbatteries.co.za
Safety Benefits of Emergency Lighting
Safety Benefits of Emergency Lighting
No matter the scope of your business enterprise, it is crucial to have exit signs and emergency lighting present. Both are part of a comprehensive safety system that keeps your staff, clients and your enterprise safe. Illuminated emergency signs offer several important benefits for any business, some of the benefits that an enterprise will experience by installing emergency lighting are:
Easy Way Out: Use exit signs armed with emergency lighting to provide employees and anyone else in your commercial building with an easy way of parting the premises. These signs noticeably show where exits are located in the event of a fire, gas leak, or other unsafe situation. Signs must be clearly observable at all times.
Regulations: Keep up with the governmental and departmental safety regulations via exit signs featuring emergency lighting. Signs must be at least six inches tall and two inches wide according to national regulations and feature a reliable illumination source. Failure to install illuminated exit signs may result in fines and other complications with your local safety inspector.
First Responder Assistance: Mount exit signs with emergency lighting to help first responders find their way in and out of your structure during a fire or other horrible situation. Illuminated signs help guarantee everyone gets out of the building swiftly and safely.
In the workplace safety of yourself and your employees is of paramount importance. Improve your overall safety ratings as well as the confidence in the work environment from your own employees by installing functional emergency lighting today. At just batteries, our industry experts can help assist in the purchase and installation of such emergency lighting for any type of business or home. Visit us today and see what emergency lighting solutions we have for you.
Everyday Items Made From Plastic Injection Moulding
Plastic injection moulding may seem like a complicated concept to the consumer, but it’s the most common manufacturing method because of its efficiency and ability to create a plethora of everyday items. The everyday items we use that are made by injection moulding range from complex and intricate components to larger more simple objects.
We’ve listed a few of the most common things we use every day that are made from injection moulding systems below, and some you may be quite surprised by.
5 Common Injection Moulding Products
Bumpers and Dashboards. When you sit in your car every day, you’re surrounding yourself with injection moulding components. So many elements in your car are made from plastic injection moulds such as the buttons on the radio, the automatic window controls, and the plastic cup holders. All of those things are made the exact same way, and it’s not just the interior of the vehicle, bumpers are also made via injection moulds.
Whether it’s the lid on a water bottle, a plastic cup lid, or the lid of a prescription drug container, they’re all made from plastic injection moulds.
DVDs and CDRs. Believe it or not, we’d believe it if we were you, many discs are made from injection moulding systems. Actually, the CDs and the cases are both manufactured this way, and that’s along with the plastic shelf that you probably store them on.
Electrical switches can be produced on a mass scale when made with injection moulding systems. The entire electrical system of your home is actually dependent on injection moulded products, because those products hold it all together.
Within the healthcare industry, there are hundreds upon hundreds of products that are made with these injection systems. This industry heavily relies on versatile plastic products that can be manufactured in bulk. From plastic syringes to tools used in medical procedures, injection moulding is what helps the medical professionals get their jobs done.
For expert assistance from the most helpful team in the industry, visit Just Batteries today and let us take care of all your injection moulding needs.
Purchasing the Perfect Torch and Batteries
Whence you have been camping, hiking, fishing or just taking the dog out for a walk, as soon as the sun goes down you’ll be in need of a flashlight or torch. Torches and flashlights come in various different forms and this guide may help you in choosing the correct torch or flashlight for your outing.
Majority torches and flashlights are be powered by normal alkaline batteries. The kind of alkaline battery will mainly depend on the size of the torch or flashlight. Sizable spotlight torches for example will usually use D batteries, whilst the smaller torches or head torches are more likely to use AA or AAA batteries. The more modern torches may use CR123A batteries whilst some head torches will be powered by the smaller flat CR2016 batteries.
Rechargeable torches and flashlights are increasingly favored. A rechargeable torch will be powered by lithium-ion batteries that can be recharged through the plugs in your home/work or in a car with the right adapter. As a rechargeable torch/flashlight needs a power source to recharge, and they have a reduced use time when compared to battery powered torches, they might not be fitting if you intend to use them for an entire evening out camping.
LED lights are low energy bulbs; they are more efficient and cost-effective than standard bulbs which equals to a longer burn time. They are also brighter than traditional bulbs, producing a whiter and brighter light. Cree LED light chips are more efficient still, last longer and are extremely brighter, but the down fall is it produces more heat. Power LED lights are similar to Cree LED lights, a more powerful version of normal LEDs. LED bulbs can also be in different colours.
For more information visit Just Batteries today and allow the experts to help you in finding the right torch for the job.
Gauging the Lifespan of your Batteries
Being able to proactively replace batteries before they run out will make your life a lot more convenient, but isn’t always that easy to get right. Firstly, battery products differ in terms of their lifespans, which is further affected by their expectations on performance, and which appliances or devices they are meant to power. So, to give you the tools to be able to better tell when they will be depleted so that you can act in good time, here is some information that will help you understand the life-cycle of the battery.
Measuring the capacity of a battery
Units of battery capacity are generally measured and set out by manufacturers in terms of how much energy it is capable of storing. This can be measured as watt-hours (Wh), kilowatt-hours (kWh), or ampere \-hours (Ahr). The type of measurement depends on the overall capacity of the battery, with Wh measuring smaller capacities and Ahr measuring those with extremely high ones, and can be represented as follows:
1Wh = 1 watt per hour
1kWh = 1 kilowatt per hour
1Ahr – 1 ampere per hour.
Understanding a battery’s life-cycle
Particularly when it comes to recyclable batteries, their lifespan is generally measured in terms of charge and discharge cycles, which is otherwise known as its cycle life. This is measured in terms of how many cycles a battery can reach in terms of charges and discharges, before it falls to below 80% of its original capacity. The number of charge cycles that a battery can support before falling below 80% and becoming noticeably less effective, will of course vary depending on battery types, manufacturers and their application.
Calculating Amp hours
To calculate a required battery life depending on the voltage of the device being powered, one must look at its capacity in terms of amp hours, and see how it is being used. The formula looks like this:
Wattage=Amps x Voltage
So, if we take a 100-Ahr battery, and we plan on using it for 20 hours, we could essentially say that it would be providing 5amps per hour, for the duration of its use. So, for a 12-volt battery, the formula would look like this:
Wattage= 100 amperes x 12 volts
The watt hours would therefore equal 1200, or 1,2kWh.
We now divide the total 1200-watt hours up by the expected operation time which is 20 hours, and find that it operates at 60-watt hours for its duration.
Contact Just Batteries Today
Gauging your exact power needs and procuring the right batteries for the task will make power management in your home or place of work a simple task. For assistance with sourcing battery solutions from trusted battery wholesalers in South Africa, contact a consultant from Just Batteries today to ask us questions and find out more. Or for further details, feel free to visit our website to learn more about our company, products and services.